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  • George A. Rose, Esquire

Understanding the Pregnant Workers Fairness Act: Protections for Workers and Obligations for Employers

The Pregnant Workers Fairness Act (PWFA) marks a significant milestone in employment law, offering robust protections for pregnant workers and setting clear obligations for employers. This landmark legislation aims to ensure that pregnant employees and job applicants are not forced to choose between their health and their jobs. In this blog, we'll delve into the key aspects of the PWFA, highlighting the protections it offers to workers and the responsibilities it imposes on employers.

Protections Provided to Workers

Reasonable Accommodations: One of the cornerstone provisions of the PWFA is the requirement for employers to make reasonable accommodations for employees affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions. This could include modifications to work schedules, temporary transfers to less strenuous or hazardous work, and providing more frequent breaks.

Non-Discrimination: The PWFA explicitly prohibits discrimination against employees and job applicants on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions. This means that any form of adverse employment action, such as denial of employment, promotions, or specific job assignments due to pregnancy, is against the law.

Medical Leave: While the PWFA itself does not directly grant additional leave, it complements existing laws like the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), ensuring that pregnant workers can take necessary time off without fear of losing their job.

Obligations Imposed on Employers

Engagement in Interactive Process: Employers are required to engage in a timely, good-faith, and interactive process with employees who request or require accommodations related to pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions. This process is designed to determine suitable accommodations that do not impose an undue hardship on the operation of the employer's business.

Providing Accommodations Without Retaliation: Employers must provide reasonable accommodations unless doing so would result in an undue hardship, defined as a significant difficulty or expense. Importantly, employers are prohibited from retaliating against an employee for requesting or using a pregnancy-related accommodation.

Communication and Policy Implementation: Employers are expected to communicate their accommodation policies clearly to all employees and ensure that these policies are implemented fairly and consistently. This includes training managers and HR personnel on how to handle accommodation requests effectively and without bias.

The Significance of the PWFA

The PWFA is a vital step forward in recognizing and addressing the specific needs of pregnant workers. By ensuring that pregnant employees can request reasonable accommodations without fear of discrimination or retaliation, the PWFA promotes healthier work environments, job security, and economic stability for families.

Employers, for their part, benefit from retaining valuable employees and fostering a supportive and inclusive workplace culture. The obligations under the PWFA encourage employers to reassess and update their policies and practices, ensuring compliance and contributing to a positive and accommodating work environment.


The Pregnant Workers Fairness Act is more than just a legal requirement—it's a reflection of a broader commitment to workplace equality and the health of working families. As employers implement the provisions of the PWFA and workers become more aware of their rights, we move closer to a workplace that truly accommodates the needs of all employees. For employers, understanding and adhering to the PWFA is not just about compliance; it's about contributing to a culture of respect, inclusion, and fairness for pregnant workers nationwide.

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